What is a Boundary Survey?
Boundary Survey Questions to be answered
- What is a Boundary Survey?
- Who should I have perform my Boundary Survey?
- How does the Surveyor perform a Boundary Survey?
- Do I need a Boundary Survey?
- How much does a Boundary Survey cost?
- Do You need a Land Survey Company?
A Boundary Survey is a procedure by which a Professional Land Surveyor establishes the corners of a parcel of land. A Boundary Survey is the interpretation of evidence. Surveyors are fond of saying “Monuments over Measurements.” This simply means that there is only so much room on the surface of the earth. Think jigsaw puzzle, everyone’s property must fit! Therefore, the distances that are indicated in your deed are only a small part of the puzzle. It’s what fits on the surface of the earth that counts.
The use of modern day technology allows the licensed surveyor to measure distances with extreme accuracy. A property owner is best served by having a Boundary Survey completed PRIOR to the purchase of the tract. This will ensure that potential problems, i.e. encroachments, easements, etc. are discovered, reported and eliminated, if possible, before you purchase the tract. Through the use of the Title Search which is completed for most property transfers, a Professional Land Surveyor can ensure a more complete survey.
In Pennsylvania, a Boundary Survey must be completed by a Pennsylvania licensed Professional Land Surveyor (PLS) to conform to Pennsylvania State Law. A PLS has gone through a two-step educational process over a minimum of eight years in order to become licensed. This includes four years of college in the first step. Upon graduation, one must become a Surveyor in Training (SIT) by passing a difficult test.
The second step now begins. After working for a minimum of four years under the direction of a licensed surveyor an SIT may sit for an even more difficult test to become licensed. As your property is one of the largest investments you will probably
ever make, a licensed professional must be hired to
complete your Boundary Survey.
Initially, the Surveyor needs to obtain a copy of the deed of the property to be surveyed. It is also very important to
gather the deeds, maps, records and/or plans available for the neighboring properties. These documents are obtained
through research at the county Recorder of Deeds office, the municipal offices, historical files and other survey records. This is done in an effort to reveal possible discrepancies between documents and to get the “full picture.”
After examining the documents, field personnel visit the site to take the necessary measurements and examine the evidence found to determine the exact location of the property boundaries. Ultimately, the surveyor will ensure that proper monumention is established at each property corner.
The answer is simply, “Yes.” Very often, over time, a property owner loses track of the exact location of his/her property corners, if they even knew where the corners were in the first place. The corner markers are often disturbed, removed or hidden from view and it becomes difficult to know where one’s property lines really are. When erecting a fence, placing a shed, landscaping, building your dream home or simply for the ‘peace of mind’, it is certainly a wise decision to have a Boundary Survey performed first.
Imagine spending thousands of dollars to improve your property only to realize that you’ve built too close to or even over the property line onto someone else’s land!
As no two properties are identical, nor are two Boundary Surveys. Many factors contribute to the cost of a Boundary Survey. These include :
- Size – A one-acre property will cost less to survey than a ten acre site.
- Location – Properties in remote locations may cost more than those in urban areas.
- Time of year – If the property is heavily wooded it will be more difficult to survey than an open site, unless the survey is completed when there are no leaves on the trees.
- Topography – A flat site will be easier to survey than a steep site, therefore costing less.
- Complexity – A complex survey, i.e. a lot of property lines, may require several visits to the site as well as time within the office to complete the necessary calculations, thereby costing more.
- Documentation – The more documentation that a client can provide will lower the cost, as less time may be needed to conduct research.
A typical Boundary Survey can cost from several hundred dollars to many thousand based upon the above factors.
You need to look no further than All County & Associates, Inc. (ACA). ACA is a professional Land Surveying, Civil Engineering and Environmental Permitting firm located in southeastern Pennsylvania ready to serve your Boundary Survey needs.
Our experienced staff performs surveys throughout eastern Pennsylvania and has done so since our inception in
1992. As a full-service civil engineering company, ACA has the knowledge and experience to make your goals become a reality. We offer many other services, including:
- Subdivision/Land Development Design
- On-site Sewage Disposal System Inspections
- Environmental Permitting
- Hydraulic Load Testing
- Wetland Investigations
- Building Permit Plans